Why we prefer In-Text Citations


Recently I got into a conversation with an author about in-text citations versus end notes. The author felt that end notes were more professional, while in-text citations were more stuffy and academic. The author felt that the in-text citations would break up the reader experience. It’s a fair point to make, and bigger pagan publishers will tell you that you shouldn’t use in-text citations either or quotes. they want to read it in your own words, because it will appeal to a broader market.

One of the aspects I like about running the non-fiction line of Immanion Press is that I get to make my own rules and I don’t have to obey the publishing conventions of others. I like in-text citations, and I think they are one of the hallmarks that Immanion Press is known for. Our readers like that we include in-text citations. I’ve actually had readers come up and tell me that one of the reasons they like our books is because we bring a level of professionalism to Pagan publishing by insisting on proper in-text citations, which in and of itself suggests that the market may want in-text citations, and quotes despite what larger publishers think of the matter.

However, I’ll admit the biggest reason I favor in-text citations is that I don’t think most people want to flip from the page they are reading to the end notes just to discover what notes or references the author has back there. I dislike having to look at the end notes, and rarely do because it involves more work than it should. It’s bad design, really, because if you want to read the notes you have to disrupt your reading to go to the back of the book and by the time you get to the back of the book you may not feel motivated to read end notes.

Whereas is you have in-text citations and foot notes it is easier to read them right there and then and continue in the main textual narrative as well. This makes the reading experience more of a continuum, and less of a disruption, while also helping people see what references you drew on. And speaking as a reader, I like to know the context of what you’ve drawn on. I don’t just want a bibliography. I want in-text citations that motivate me to actually look at the bibliography.


Immanion Press Authors at Paganicon


Immanion Press Authors Kiya Nicoll, Frater Barrabbas, and Brandy Williams will be at Paganicon. Brandy Williams is a guest of honor at this year’s Paganicon, and all the authors are presenting workshops at Paganicon. The current schedule for Paganicon can be found here.

Kiya Nicoll will be presenting the following workshops:

Living the Customs of Our Religions: Paganism in Households

A lot of the big book explosion of the nineties was aimed at or adopted by teenagers … and those kids, we’re now mostly in our thirties. Rather than figuring out how to practice under our parents’ roof, we’re more likely to be concerned about maintaining a household of our own. Religion has to coexist with spouses, children, work, and getting dinner on the table at a reasonable hour. How can we make pagan religion something that can live in our homes and coexist – or even be shared with – our families?

Digging Up The Mysteries: Building New Rituals from Ancient Roots

The experiential parts of ancient religions are not easily found in the archaeological record, and a lot of ancient Mystery cults didn’t have a lot of people talking about them. Still, people look to find ways of engaging with the gods on these levels, seeking experiential ritual and mystical practice. What can we find in the records we have that can guide us towards building something new that partakes of ancient roots and resonances, and how can we put it together into something that works for us in the modern day?

Frater Barrabbas will be presenting a workshop on Practical Quabalah in Brief

This is a brief overview of the Qabalah and the practical Qabalah. I will succinctly define the Qabalah in terms of what it is and how it can be used in a practical manner. We will define the Qabalah in terms of its five parts and also define what constitutes a practical Qabalistic practice.

Brandy Williams will be presenting the following workshops:

Pagan Theurgy

Living with the gods – lessons from the ancients in modern
practice. Hellenic Neoplatonists called the gods into statues, into each
other, and into themselves. Modern theurgists adapt their use of sound and
invocation to bring the gods into our lives today.

The Woman Magician

Always the muse, never the magician – until now! Western metaphysics assumes magicians are men, with men’s bodies and men’s language. Reshaping the tradition to include women’s language begins the process of opening Western Traditional Magic to peoples of all shapes and cultures.

Devotional to Seshat

This devotional invokes the presence of the Egyptian Goddess of Writing and Magic. Visit the Altar of Seshat, listen to her stories, and share your own stories and experiences.

If you are attending Paganicon please check out the workshops of our authors!. We hope to see you there!